Systematic Research Collections (Recent & Fossil Mollusca) - museum collections, curators, and collection managers from around the world (maintained by Kevin Cummings, INHS)
Ohio State University Freshwater Bivalve Collection - searchable databases and maps, including mussel/host associations and catalog entries (maintained by Tom Watters)
Illinois Natural History Mollusk Collection - searchable collection database (maintained by Christine Mayer & Kevin Cummings, INHS)


Common and Scientific Names of Aquatic Invertebrates from the United States and Canada: Mollusks, 2nd edition - Turgeon et al. ordering information (from AFS)
A Classification of the Mollusca -
A family level classification of the Mollusca by Gary Rosenberg, Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia
International Code of Zoological Nomenclature 4th Edition


Bibliographies, journals, newsletters...

Freshwater Mollusk Bibliography -
A searchable database of over 11,000 citations on freshwater mollusks worldwide. Compiled by Kevin Cummings, INHS, Champaign, Art Bogan, North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences, Tom Watters, Ohio State University Museum of Biological Diversity, and Chris Mayer, INHS, Champaign
Alabama Mollusk Bibliography - Deborah Wills (1997)
Molluscan Journals - A list of the "Instructions for Authors" from a variety of malacological journals, Claus Hedegaard (, Museum of Paleontology, Valley Life Sciences Building, University of California, Berkeley, California


Photos and videos

Unio Gallery - Chris Barnhart, Missouri State University - mussel life history with awesome photos, video, and more!
History of Mussel Harvest on the Mississippi River - be sure to check out the
"One Button/Clam" link to view a bunch of neat historical videos

Ohio State University, Division of Mollusks
Aquatic Epidemiology and Conservation Laboratory – Jay Levine and Chris Eads – NC State University – Life cycle videos and photographs of North Carolina’s freshwater mussels

Regional guides, checklists, keys, surveys....

Freshwater Mussel Genera of the World - Representative photos of the freshwater mussel genera of the world, Kevin Cummings, INHS

The Freshwater Mussels of Ohio - G. Thomas Watters, Michael A. Hoggarth, & David H. Stansbery
Freshwater Gastropods of North America Project - Information of the FWGNA Project spearheaded by Rob Dillon, College of Charleston.
Freshwater Mussels of the Midwest - Kevin Cummings & Christine Mayer, INHS
Alabama Mollusks by Deborah Wills
Field Guide to the Freshwater Snails of Florida - Dr. Fred Thompson, Florida Museum of Natural History
Northeast Florida Aquatic Mollusk Checklist - Harry Lee's inventory of the freshwater (including estuarine*) mollusks collected in Northeast Florida (the counties of Nassau, Duval, Clay, and St. Johns) by Harry G. Lee from 1975 to present.
Checklist of the Aquatic Mollusca of Illinois - Kevin Cummings & Christine Mayer, INH
Iowa Mussels - Kelly Arbuckle, Iowa State University, Ames
Kansas Mussels - Great Plains Nature Center
Freshwater Mussel Surveys in New Jersey - New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection
North Carolina Atlas of Freshwater Mussels and Endangered Fishes - John Alderman, Judy Johnson, & LeighAnn McDougal, North Carolina Wildlife Resources Commission
Aquatic Mollusks of North Dakota - USGS, Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center (based on Cvancara, 1983)
Texas Mussel Watch - Texas Parks and Wildlife, Texas Nature Trackers Program
Dallas, Texas Freshwater Mussels - Very nice photos from the North Texas Conchological Society
Field Guide to Survey and Manage Freshwater Mollusk Species (Oregon & Washington) - Terry Frest & Edward J. Johannes (scroll down for a pdf file of the Field Guide)

Aquatic Epidemiology and Conservation Laboratory North Carolina State University - Freshwater Mussels
Ohio State University, Division of Mollusks

Freshwater Mussels of the Upper Mississippi River

Book orderAlabama: New Publication of the Geological Survey of Alabama State Oil and Gas Board- 'Watershed Assessment of the Terrapin Creek System for Recovery and Restoration of Rare Mussel Species'
Geological Survey of Alabama Bulletin 187 By: Rebecca A. Bearden, Patrick E. O'Neil, Stuart W. McGregor, E. Anne Wynn, Gregory H. Pierce, and David G. Herder

Mussels of Venezuela - Kevin Cummings & Christine Mayer, INHS
Freshwater Molluscan Shells - Martin Kohl. Very nice pictures of South American species.

Freshwater Bivalves of Poland - Association of Polish Malacologists
Checklist of Austrian Mollusca - Wolfgang Fischer, Vienna. This list was first published by P.L. Reischutz (1998) in Nachrichtenblatt der Ersten Vorarlberger Malakologischen Gesellschaft 6: 31-44.
The Malacological Society of London Molluscan Forum

Seashells of South-East Australia - Patty Jansen, Capricornica Publications
Checklist of New Zealand Mollusca - Andrew Spurgeon


Endangered species

Federally Listed Species - The official list of threatened and endangered freshwater mollusks recognized by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.
State Listed Species - Links to state threatened and endangered species lists, compiled and maintained by Mark Hove.
Discontinued List of Category 2 Species - Barry Roth, University of California - Berkeley has kept the list alive on the web.
Educational Resources - USACE Our Mississippi is a great educational resource designed for grades 5 and 6 but with activities that can be used for many age groups.

Professional societies

American Malacological Society (AMS)
North American Benthological Society (NABS)

Conchologists of America (COA)
Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Society for Conservation Biology



UNIO Listserv an unmoderated Internet listserver focusing on the biology, ecology and evolution of freshwater unionid mussels. The list is sponsored by the U.S. FWS ( or
To join send a blank email message to
Conch-L The "Conchologists of America has established the Conch-List, CONCH-L, the first Listserv expressly for shell collectors." "Conch-L will provide a forum for conchologists, indeed, for anyone with an interest in mollusks, to discuss any topic related to conchology."
Molluscan Evolution Listserver The Mollusca listserv is probably the best source for online academic discussions on mollusks. This site has information on the discussion group, subscription instructions, and an archive of posted messages

Commercial musseling

Alabama Game & Fish Regulations
Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency - Fisheries Management Division
Endangered Freshwater Mussel Species and Trade
Pearls -
U.S. Geological Survey


Exotic species

Nonindigenous Aquatic Species: Mollusks - USGS. Nonindigenous Aquatic Species (NAS) information resource for the United States Geological Survey. Located at the Center for Aquatic Resource Studies
Exotic Aquatics on the move -
New York Sea Grant National Zebra Mussel & Aquatic Nuisance Species Clearinghouse
Zebra Mussel Research Program - U.S. Army Corp of Engineers, Waterways Experiment Station
Zebra Mussel Alert - Minnesota Sea Grant
The Zebra Mussel Page - Dr. Jeffrey L. Ram, Wayne State University
Limnoperna fortunei (Mytilidae): The Next Macrofouling Mussel to Invade North America? - Anthony Ricciardi, McGill University
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force - Another task force with many tasks - The Nation's Invasive Species Information System
Invasive Species Program of the USFWS - A busy bunch these



Surf Your Watershed - Information on rivers across the U.S.
USGS Surface Water Data - Real Time data on stream flow, etc.
MICRA - Mississippi Interstate Cooperative Resource Association
American Rivers - Information on stream conservation


ACME Mapper -
Maps of the world with topographic coverage of the United States.
Getty Thesaurus of Geographical Names - A searchable place names database from the Getty Research Institute.
U.S. - Information on a wide variety of topics for all of the counties in the U.S.
National - A wide variety of maps from our friends in the government.
Paleogeographic Atlas Project - Maps showing the relative placement of the land masses of earth through time
NASA's Visable Earth - Cool maps from the guys and gals at NASA



North American Native Fishes Association - NANFA is dedicated to the enjoyment, study and conservation of the continent's native fishes
American Society of Ichthyologists & Herpetologists (ASIH)
American Fisheries Society (AFS)
USGS Nonindigenous Fish Distribution Information

Link pages

Ecology WWW Links - One Stop Shopping. As a volunteer service to students, teachers, researchers, and others interested in the science of ecology, this list was compiled by Anthony R. Brach (Missouri Botanical Garden & Harvard University Herbaria, U.S.A.). Jean Thioulouse (University of Lyon, France) created and maintained the HTML and search script from 1995-1998, and maintains a mirror site in France. Shunguo Liu created the current search engine and maintains a mirror site in Canada.
Links to All Provincial and State Wildlife Agencies - A great link site from NANFA
Zoological Record - Mollusks links from the Zoological Record Home Page
Mark Hove's mussel links
Digital library of learning resources for veterinary professionals and people with an interest in animal welfare